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Your Home May Be Underinsured

It is recommended that you annually review your insurance limits to determine if your property limit values are adequate enough should you sustain a loss. Contact our personal lines agents to review your policy and conduct a replacement cost estimate to determine if adjustments should be made to your home, contents or valuables.

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Consumer Article:

“Your Home May Be Underinsured!”

Abstract: According to the experts, a majority of homes are undervalued by at least 25% on average. Magazines
and newspapers frequently feature articles about insureds who suffered major losses only to discover the limit
they chose for their homeowners insurance was grossly inadequate to fully compensate them. What can you do
about it?
You pay for home insurance to avoid incurring large out-of-pocket expenses after a something damages your
house and personal property. The last thing you need is an insurance company explaining “adequate limits of
insurance” after the fact; especially if that explanation means more cost to you.
According to Marshall & Swift/Boeckh, an organization specializing in building cost research, 59% of homes were
underinsured by an average of 22% in 2005. Some reasons for the high number of underinsured homes include
inaccurate valuation methods, complacency with current home value and failure to report value-changing
improvements and betterments.
The penalty for underinsurance is costly. Your home insurance company requires that you pay for enough
insurance to cover the value of the home at the time it is damaged, not when the policy is issued. Most home
insurance policies contain a provision requiring the limit of insurance to be equal to or greater than a specified
amount for the insurance policy to pay for the full cost of the damage.
For example, say your house catches fire and one-fourth of it is damaged. While adjusting the claim, the
insurance company determines that due to increased construction costs, your home’s current replacement value
is $100,000. If just a portion of your home is damaged, most home insurance policies require that your limit be at
least 80 percent of this amount, in this case $80,000. If your limit is less than $80,000, you will only receive a
portion of the $25,000 and will have to pay the difference out-of-pocket…yuck! Despite the above example, you
should never carry a limit of insurance lower than 100 percent of your home’s current replacement value. Here’s
why: Consider the previous example, only this time the fire damage is so severe that your entire home must be
torn down and rebuilt. If your policy limit is anything lower than $100,000 you will have to pay the difference
yourself.
To make matters more difficult is the constant flux of property values. According to the National Association of
Home Builders, the cost of common construction materials such as cement, drywall, lumber and nails have
soared over the past two years, two to five times faster than gasoline prices! According to Marshall &
Swift/Boeckh, some homes that were built just two years ago for $125 a square foot may now cost over $200 per
square foot to rebuild.
People also forget to count improvements. According to the Harvard University Joint Center for Housing Studies,
homeowners spent $149 billion on owner-occupied home improvements in 2005. And this amount doesn’t include
home repair costs or the amount spent by landlords on rental homes—two factors that would exponentially
increase this dollar figure. Have you added a burglar alarm system, closed in the garage, put in new floors or
redone the kitchen? Improvements like these are fair game in determining the current value of your home. In
addition, many homeowners do not understand that factors like market price, property tax appraised value and
mortgage amount are not the same as the cost to repair or rebuild your home after a loss.
Preventing underinsurance is tricky but not impossible. Most home insurance policies can be modified to increase
insurance limits automatically. Regular communication (at least annually) with our office will help you understand
limits and trends. And reporting improvements will help keep your limits up-to-date. These steps will help ensure
that your home insurance policy will do what you expect it to come claim time. Please call us for guidance.

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Copyright 2008 by the Independent Insurance Agents & Brokers of America, Inc. All rights reserved.
For guidelines on reprinting this article, go to http://www.iiaba.net/VU/Lib/ArticleReprints.htm.
NOTE: Policy coverages and circumstances can change at any time, so the information above may not be
accurate at the time of reprinting or subsequently to that time. IIABA does not assume and has no responsibility
for liability or damage which may result from the use of any of this information. The most current, up to date
version of this article can be found at IIABA’s Virtual University at http://www.iiaba.net/VU.